- Leandro Herrero - https://leandroherrero.com -

‘What if the problem is me?’ An uncomfortable, key question for leaders

Reflective leadership has gone into progressive short supply. In an era where prescriptive answers seem to dominate reflective ones, it has become more difficult to stop and think, to question, to wonder. After all, we have ready-made 7 Habits for This and 8 Attributes for That, which seem to provide universal answers. Introspection has never been favoured by traditional management, or at least, not by ‘mass management’. Granted, some elites that have been provided access to some forms of executive development may have had the opportunity. Even in that territory, however,  self-reflection is rarely, if ever, at the top of the agenda.

An old psychological concept from the 60s may help to understand why leaders differ in their ability to self-reflect on their leadership and the impact of their actions. It’s call ‘external vs. internal locus of control’. People with a predominant ‘external locus of control’ tend to attribute events to external forces. In the opposite extreme, people with a predominant ‘internal locus of control’ will see themselves more in charge or protagonists of the events in their lives. It follows that the External People will end up blaming other people more, whilst Internal People will look more at themselves first.

This crude distinction is particularly important in areas such as Safety. In our Viral ChangeTM programmes we use this parameter a lot. Safety professionals or, simply employees, with high external locus of control will tend to see safety problems as something produced mainly by others, and will focus more on somebody else’s behaviours, versus considering that it is of their own making.

Leadership can be seen through similar lenses. Some leaders seem to never contemplate the possibility that they are the problem, it’s always somebody else’s fault. If there is any reflection, it’s certainly outwards. You need a good dose of ‘internal locus of control’ to realise that maybe the problem is you.

In my consulting practice I find this leadership problem one of the hardest to solve. Internal vs external locus of control is very entrenched in personality. It’s hard, but not impossible through good coaching, for example, to turn a High External individual around. My behavioural hat has however a clear, if not answer, guidance for this: create a habit of asking the question ‘what if this (problem, what is happening, what I see) has to do with me? What if the issue is me?’ The habit of repeated questioning is a good open door for possible better reflection, and, who knows, the discovery of a new world inside of you!


Register now! – for our free webinar series, Feed Forward – The organization now, under new management [1], next webinar in the series  –

Can we put the company in an MRI? Can we diagnose its health in terms of its internal connectivity, communication and collaboration?

2nd July, 1800 BST/1900 CET, with Leandro Herrero and his team of organizational architects.

To change to ‘the new normal’ we must think and act differently in the management of our organizations.

Join Leandro Herrero and his team of organizational architects for these live, free webinars as they debunk uncontested assumptions and uncover the alternatives, whilst considering why this is even more relevant today in the current exceptional environment.

Join us and bring your critical thinking brain, switched on. It’s a serious business. It may also be fun.

Each participant who attends any of the live webinars of the Feed Forward series will be eligible for one copy of The Flipping Point [2].


Out Now! – The Flipping Point [2] – Deprogramming Management by Leandro Herrero – his new booking challenging the trend for adopting absurd management ideas. Management needs deprogramming. This book of 200, tweet-sized, vignettes, looks at the other side of things – flipping the coin. It asks us to use more rigour and critical thinking in how we use assumptions and management practices that were created many years ago.  Read the latest review [3].